Aday Theory and Method
Aday is a system used to map and display an individual’s life contexts, i.e. ”activities”, ”places”, ”movements”, ”togetherness” and ”experiences” in time and space. It is based on the Time-Geographic Diary Method which explores the relationship between activities, time and place, and does this by recording daily activities electronically under the five mentioned headings.
By this process the Time-Geographic Diary Method has great potential to study an individual’s objective and subjective life (contexts), and Aday allows everyday life events to be recorded in ways that link the diary writer’s personal time and space with places, activities, and personal experiences graphically. Using Aday the individual can compare their day as they recorded it with their own experience of the day. The diary can be written/recorded directly into a mobile phone and from there, the information can be processed using Aday software.
Aday can be used to identify opportunities for change in an individual’s life because they are not feeling well for the individual, their organisation, or both. The main purpose is to create awareness, possibilities and actions, which are empowering for those who seek to change the circumstances concerned.
Typical situations requiring attention could be:
- Lack of control due to physical, psychological and environmental factors.
- Lack of perceived or actual space of action.
- Problems with cooperation and work load.
- Other situations which could be improved.
Aday can be used for organisational, group and individual development and change in a variety of ways. In healthcare and rehabilitation facilities it can be used to improve prevention, promotion and rehabilitation processes. In research, it can be applied in time use studies and comparisons between individuals and groups. In business organisations it could be used to facilitate reorganisation and changes in work environments, as well as team and individual development and empowerment.
Aday can be used anywhere where people are involved in any activity with a view to identifying and facilitating opportunities for changes which could improve life situations.
Examples might be as follows:
- Identification, prevention, or promotion of health concerns where people may be at risk of becoming ill.
- Rehabilitation opportunities for people to cope with new life circumstances.
- Population’s studies to compare people’s everyday life in order to identify health risk in a population.
- Reorganisation of workplaces.
Presently there are two means of collecting information from individuals i.e. via a written or electronic diary. Both are similar in that the headings can be the same e.g. When (time of the day), What (activities), Where (place), With whom (togetherness), and comments about subjective experiences. The diary writer usually records events and activities that have taken place over the course of seven consecutive days, meaning that weekdays as well as weekends are recorded. The procedure is that the person is asked to write every time a new activity is commenced and make notes under the headings above.
An example from a written diary of a young woman:
Who can write a diary about their every day experiences as outlined above? Anyone can benefit from using the Aday. Particularly for them, who wants to change his or her everyday activities, whether at work, their domestic situation or their private life. People of all ages can benefit as a result of notes, observations and analysis of what is happening in their life. If the person cannot write somebody needs to observe the person in his or her environment and make the notation exactly in the same way as described above. Irrespective of who has compiled the diary, the diary belongs to the person whose activities are being recorded, and it is that person alone who decides how the information will be used e.g. whether it can be revealed to others.
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Aday | Kersti Nordell AB | Langenas 145 | SE-435 35 Mölnlycke | Phone: +46 0708-27 88 46
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